UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Finland
Finland is home to seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites. One of these is a natural site, while the other six are cultural attractions. Two of the sites were recently added to the list. The World Heritage Convention is an international treaty that safeguards the world’s cultural and natural heritage.
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Here is the list of 7 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Finland:
1. High Coast / Kvarken Archipelago
The High Coast is a landscape mosaic with a mixture of manmade and natural elements. It is home to approximately 4,500 people living in a number of small settlements, including the large villages of Mjallom and Ullanger.
Tourism is the main source of employment, but the site has been experiencing rural depopulation. As a result, there are various management plans being developed in order to protect its cultural and natural resources.
High Coast is about 150 km southwest of the Kvarken Islands and is bordered by the Kvarken Strait, which separates the Bay of Bothnia and the Gulf of Bothnia. The area is part of the Vasternorrland province in Sweden, and it includes the town of Kopmanholmen. It also borders the town of Docksta, which is located in the Kvarken Archipelago.
The High coast is a haven for wildlife. In addition to many types of birds, you can spot Eurasian lynx, elk, and roe deer. The coastal birdlife is diverse and extensive, with several types of seabirds making a home on offshore islands. The Gnaggen Island Nature Reserve is especially important for nesting guillemots and razorbills.
Nightingale and Boheminian waxwing can also be found here. The High Coast has a temperate climate, with an annual average temperature of 4degC and low rainfall. The Northern Kvarken strait freezes over during the winter, but this does not prevent boaters from passing through the islands. In addition, there are other threats to the Kvarken islands, such as American mink.
2. The Struve Geodetic Arc
The Struve Geodetic Arc is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The arc’s 34 original station points are located in Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Russia. The arc contains many historical markers including small holes filled with lead and engravings of a cross and rock structures.
The project aims to promote the area, which is part of the Oravivuori area, to international audiences. Estonia and Finland will be the primary countries involved in the promotion. The Struve Geodetic Arc is a technologically unique structure and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Struve Geodetic Arc spans 2,820km across ten countries and includes 34 original station points. It was first used in the 18th century by the French, who established that the earth was flat at the poles. However, the Struve Geodetic Arc is also a significant milestone in the development of the earth sciences.
This remarkable feat of engineering is a reminder of the importance of international collaboration in the field of science. Visitors can visit a Struve Geodetic Arc monument or a geodetic point on the island of Mustaviiri, a beautiful island in the Gulf of Finland National Park. It is home to the southernmost Finnish station point of the Struve Geodetic Arc, along with other cultural heritage sites.
3. The Verla Groundwood and Board Mill
Verla at Jaala, Finland, is an exquisite example of a 19th century mill village. Located along the northern Kymi River, it is part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The mill is a part of a 19th century mill village that has been lovingly preserved.
The Verla Groundwood and Board Mill is a unique piece of Finnish industrial history, dating from the early days of the Finnish wood-processing industry. The mill’s architecture, materials and methods of construction have been preserved to a high degree.
It is also home to the country’s first industrial museum, which opened its doors to visitors in 1971. The Verla Groundwood and Board Mill is a World Heritage Site. The mill has been fully restored, and visitors are welcomed for guided tours in several languages. It is estimated that around 10% of visitors come from abroad.
There is no admission fee, and the museum accepts most forms of payment, including cash and credit cards. The mill is located about thirty kilometres away from Kouvola and is accessible via Routes 369 and 46. The tour includes a short film about how the mill works, and the intricate cardboard factory process.
Sadly, visitors are not allowed to take photographs inside, but they can view the mill’s historical collections and watch the mill in operation.
4. Old Rauma, Finland, is a Great Travel Destination
The town of Old Rauma, Finland, is a popular travel destination for tourists and Finns alike. It attracts international visitors each year and has many restaurants serving Finnish specialties. In the center of the city is the Old Rauma Town Hall, which is famous for its yellow colour.
This town hall was built in 1776 and is now a museum and a local attraction. You can also visit the Marela Museum, which focuses on life in the 19th century. The museum building was constructed in 1825 and later rebuilt in Neo-Renaissance style. Inside, you will find several tombstones and two little tombs.
The ruins also feature a stonewall, part of the larger wall that surrounded the town. The town was listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1991. The area contains medieval wall paintings, medieval buildings, and a tower that served as a maritime signpost. Old Rauma is a charming town of about 600 wooden houses. These houses are typically private residences but also contain museums.
The Old Rauma Town Hall dates back to 1776 and the Old Rauma Museum is one of the oldest museums in Finland. Old Rauma is a quaint town with a lively atmosphere during the day. There are many museums and boutiques to explore, and you can even sample local ice cream. It’s also an hour away from Turku, where you can find more affordable lodging.
5. The Fortress of Suomenlinna
The sea fortress of Suomenlinna is a beautiful 18th-century site, now a nature area. The fortress sits on six islands linked together by bridges and has a variety of attractions to explore. Hiking trails connect the popular sights.
The King’s Gate drawbridge is an iconic site, and the Suomenlinna Museum recounts its military history. Visitors can also visit the restored 1930s submarine Vesikko. A number of waterside restaurants also add to the island’s charm. The Fortress of Suomenlinn is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The area is very scenic, and the fortress’s walls are almost entirely intact. However, you must take caution when hiking on the steep, rocky, and slippery walkways. It’s best to follow the marked paths when exploring this ancient fortress. The fortress is home to the Great Courtyard, which sits alongside the bridge connecting the Sussisari and Mustasaari islands.
This courtyard was designed by architect Augustin Ehrensvard and was completed in 1760. This monumental central square was the administrative center for the islands. The courtyard is also home to the Ehrensvard Tomb, which is located in the architect’s house. There are also many paintings and ship models on display.
The Fortress of Suomenlinn, which is located on an island off the coast of Helsinki, is one of the country’s most popular tourist attractions. It was built in the mid-1700s and was used by the Russians until Finland gained its independence in 1917. The fortress’s military architecture and military history have made it a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
6. The Bronze Age Burial Site of Sammallahdenmki in Finland
The Bronze Age Burial Site of Sammallahdanmki is located in Finland. It is a unique site in the region because it contains stone burial cairns. The site is located in a remote area and has long been protected by the local population.
The site has been associated with Sun worship, which was widespread in Scandinavia during the early Bronze Age. It is also unique because it is a landscape that is untouched by trees and is open to the Sun from every direction. There are two entrances to the site: the southern and the northern.
The northern entrance is accessible by Route 12 and the southern one is accessible through smaller roads. There are restrooms and parking facilities available at both entrances. The site is open all year. There are also guided tours available. The site was officially declared a World Heritage Site in 1999 by UNESCO.
The Bronze Age Burial Site of Sammallahdenmaki contains thirty-three granite burial cairns. They were built between 1,500 BC. The site is located on a hill between Rauma and Tampere. It was once near the coast of the Gulf of Bothnia, but has since shifted 15 km away from the sea.
The Huilun pitka raunio is also known as “The Flute’s Long Ruin”. Its name probably comes from the fact that the structure has a long shape, with two circle-shaped areas on either end. The structure was extended several times, and different burials have taken place.
7. Petjvesi Old Church
The Petjvesi Old Church is an old wooden church in the town of Petjvesi, Finland. It was constructed in the 1760s, when Tavastia was part of Sweden. It is worth a visit for its beautiful interior and quaint atmosphere. It is open to the public and has a museum inside of it.
The Petajavesi Old Church is an interesting place to visit if you visit the city. The church was built in 1765 and is a part of the Municipality of Petajavesi. It was originally built as a chapel, but in 1728 it was put into use as a church. The Petajavesi people paid for the construction themselves.
The church was designed and built by Jaakko Klemetinpoika Leppanen, a church builder from Vesanka. The bell tower was added in 1821. The Petajavesi Old Church is located a kilometre west of the town centre. It was used until the year 1879, when it was moved to a new site. The interior is intact, with the original design and decor.
It is one of the most popular churches in Petajavesi, and is a popular location for marriage ceremonies. The interior of the church is a beautiful mixture of Gothic, Renaissance, and Baroque styles. It has a central cupola and intricate perspectives, while its steep-pitched roof evokes Gothic tradition. The church also has a hand-carved pulpit, irregular floor beams, and chandeliers.