Attractions And laces To Visit In Lisbon, Portugal
When visiting Lisbon, Portugal, make sure to take in some of the city’s main sights. One of the city’s most popular attractions is the Belem Tower, which stands 20 minutes west of downtown.
This tower was built between 1514 and 1520 and features classic Manuelino architecture. It has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1983.
There are a number of things to do in Lisbon, especially during summer, so make sure to spend at least 3 days in the city.
This should be enough time to visit all the main sites of the city, and it’s a good idea to take a day trip to Sintra as well.
You’ll also be able to make use of the public transportation system to get around the city easily. If you’re looking to spend the evenings in style, you’ll want to check out the Bairro Alto neighborhood.
This area offers plenty of chic restaurants, cafés, and bars. You can spend the evening admiring the views and catching some live music.
Another area of Lisbon to check out is the Avenida da Liberdade, which is reminiscent of the Champs-Elysees in Paris.
Castelo De Sao Jorge in Lisbon #1
Castelo de Sao Jorge is one of the most impressive and beautiful historical castles in Lisbon. Located in the freguesia of Santa Maria Maior, this castle dates back to the 8th century BC.
Its fortifications were first built in the 1st century BC. It is now a popular tourist destination and is a must-see for history buffs.
You can tour the ancient structure on a guided tour. Tours last about fifteen minutes. If you want to see the castle from a different perspective, opt for a camera obscura tour.
These tours are limited to 25 people and last about fifteen minutes. These tours are free. You can visit the fortress seven days a week.
This impressive castle is located on a hill overlooking the city. Founded during the Moors’ rule over Portugal, it was constructed to house military forces and protect Lisbon from a siege.
There are eleven towers inside the castle. The Torre de Menagem (the Keep Tower), the Torre de Ulisses (the Tower of Ulysses), and the Torre do Paco (Palace Tower) are just a few of the towers you’ll find there.
If you’re a history buff, you can take in the city’s rich history from this historic site.
A visit to the castle offers spectacular views of Lisbon, the Tejo River, and the famous Christo Rei Monument. There are also shooting ranges and a viewing platform.
Mosteiro Dos Jeronimos #2
The Mosteiro dos Jeronimos, also known as the Jerónimos Monastery, is a former monastery of the Order of Saint Jerome located in Lisbon Municipality, Portugal.
The monastery is located near the Tagus river in the parish of Belém. It is open for visitors and offers a fascinating look at Portuguese history and culture.
The Jeronimos Monastery is a fine example of Manueline architecture and has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It was constructed with limestone from nearby quarries.
It was designed by Diogo de Boitaca and completed in the seventeenth century.
The monastery was built on the site of a previous monastery called Ermida do Restelo, where Vasco da Gama prayed before embarking on his voyage to India.
The Jeronimos Monastery was founded in 1500 by King Manuel I, who had received permission from the Pope to build the monastery.
The monks were originally part of the Order of Saint Jerome, who were responsible for praying for the king and comforting sailors. Later, the monastery was used as a school until the 1940s.
Mosteiro dos Jeronimos is a Portuguese monastery with a large cloister, fountain and tombs of historical figures.
The tomb of Vasco da Gama is here, as are those of the writers Almeida Garrett and Luis de Camoes, who chronicled their voyages in their works.
There is also a National Archeological Museum here and a Maritime Museum.
Lisbon Oceanarium #3
The Lisbon Oceanarium is one of the world’s largest indoor aquariums. It’s situated in the Parque das Naçes, a former exhibition grounds for Expo ’98.
Visitors can see a variety of sea life in its tanks, including a variety of sharks and rays. Located near the waterfront and the Pavilhao Atlantico arena, the Oceanario de Lisboa is a great place to spend a hot day.
It is very easy to navigate in a wheelchair, as it is part of the Parque das Nacoes. The Oceanario de Lisboa also offers an English-language Web site.
Tourist cars are also available for hire at the site for a very low price. Moreover, the cars are fully insured, so visitors can drive to and from the Oceanario without any problems.
For families with small children, the Oceanarium has a section dedicated to teaching them about protecting the environment.
There’s also a section dedicated to the importance of recycling. There are even some rescued otters that are in the exhibit, which you can learn more about.
The gift shop also offers eco-friendly items. The Lisbon Oceanarium has a special exhibit that takes guests underwater.
Visitors can view over 8,000 marine creatures in the exhibit, including giant octopus and giant sunfish. The exhibits feature five million litres of saltwater and four different marine habitats.
A Historic Tower in Lisbon #4
Originally built by William the Conqueror in 1070 as the center of the city’s fortress, the tower is one of the most famous historic sites in London.
It has been a symbol of fear and awe throughout history, and today welcomes more than three million visitors each year.
During its time as a fortress, it has housed many important people, from the royal family to foreign rulers. Many of the tales of these prisoners still linger.
The Tower of London is also the burial place for many of England’s most famous prisoners.
During the Tudor era, the Tower was the most important prison in the country, and anyone who was thought to pose a threat to the country was imprisoned in the tower.
Some of these individuals included future queen Elizabeth I, Lady Jane Grey, and Sir Walter Raleigh.
The tower itself rises more than 210 feet above the ground and provides spectacular views. From its observation platforms, visitors can view a 360-degree panorama of the city and the surrounding area.
From its top, visitors can take photos of the Soo Locks and the area. Moreover, visitors can watch a video presentation of the tower’s history.
In addition to the historical stories, the tower features a rich exhibit of local and Native American history.
The Lower Level houses museum exhibits and a video presentation, while the Upper Level features exhibit space and descriptions of the surrounding area.
Triumphal Arches in Lisbon #5
Rome’s Triumphal Arch is an example of a triumphal arch. It is 21 m high, 25.7 m wide, and 7.4 m deep.
It has three archways: a central arch that is 11.5 m high and 6.5 m wide, and two side archways that are 7.4 m high and 3.4 m wide.
The lower part of the archway is made of marble blocks, while the top portion is made of brickwork revetted with marble. The monument has a staircase that leads from the archway to the Palatine Hill.
The Arch of Rua Augusta stands on Commerce Square, and was constructed after Lisbon was destroyed in an earthquake in 1755.
It has six columns, each one 11 m high, and is adorned with statues of historic figures and the coat of arms of Portugal.
Celestin Anatole Calmels, the architect of the Rua Augusta Arch, also created an allegorical group at the top of the arch, as well as a bell tower.
Triumphal arches were often built to commemorate military victories. Moreover, the Arc de Triomf, in Barcelona, was constructed to commemorate the 1888 World Fair.
For instance, the Berlin Brandenburg Gate, the Washington Square Arch in New York City, and the India Gate in New Delhi all featured triumphal arches.
Other examples of triumphal arches include the one in Kiev, which was built to mark the ‘unification of Russia and Ukraine’.
Baslica da Estrela in Lisbon #6
Baslica da Estrela, also known as the Royal Basilica and Convent of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus, is a small basilica located in Lisbon, Portugal. Originally, it was a carmelite convent.
Today, it houses a parish church and a museum. The building’s construction began in 1761. Queen Maria I, the last queen of Portugal, commissioned the Basilica in thanks for a safe delivery of her son.
It took about a year and a half to complete. The church was dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, a symbol of God’s love for mankind. It was finished in 1780.
The Basilica da Estrela is a stunning example of baroque and neoclassical architecture. The building’s dome is particularly impressive.
The basilica’s facade is decorated with a multitude of different colors, and its interior is decorated with an extensive nativity scene. It is only a short walk from the terminus of the Yellow Line.
The Basilica da Estrela is one of the most beautiful monuments in Lisbon. It was built by Queen Maria I in gratitude for the birth of her son, Jose. Sadly, she died two years after the basilica was completed.
Today, the Basilica serves as a memorial for the fallen prince. Inside, you can view a 500-piece Nativity Scene sculpted by Joaquim Machado de Castro.
The Basilica da Estrela is one of the most beautiful places to visit in Lisbon, and it’s also free. The basilica is best explored in the morning, before the sun sets. You’ll find it meditative and serene.
Lisbon’s Imposing Cathedral #7
Lisbon’s Se Cathedral was built in the fifteenth century as a fortress and originally stood in the middle of the river. Its striking façade incorporates fanciful maritime motifs.
Located in the Castelo district near the Alfama neighborhood, the cathedral has undergone several design changes over the centuries.
A series of earthquakes and fires destroyed most of the original construction, but the reconstructed cathedral is the product of a unique blend of architectural styles.
Visitors can climb to the top of the monument by taking the elevator. From there, you can get a bird’s eye view of the riverfront and surrounding area.
If you choose to go to the esplanade, you can also check out the giant pavement compass and a mosaic map of the world charting dates and locations.
This architectural masterpiece provides the perfect backdrop for photos. The interior of Sao Roque Church is another highlight of the city.
Though it has a Renaissance facade, the interior is incredibly ornate. Its marble, azulejos, and gilded woodwork make it one of the most impressive religious buildings in the city.
One of the side chapels, Capela de Sao Joao Baptista, is also decorated ornately. The exterior of the cathedral has a medieval fortress feel, while the two bell towers dominate the skyline.
Inside, the cathedral is divided into naves and transept. There is also a triforium running beneath the archaic divisions.
The triforium floods the walls of the transept with golden light. You can also see a 19th-century painting of the Last Supper by Pedro Alexandrino.
The Age of Discovery #8
The Age of Discovery was a period in history when European nations sought new trade routes to the Far East.
The Silk Road, which was a land route, took long to travel and merchants needed a faster and more efficient means of shipping goods.
At the time, absolute monarchies centralized power in Europe, so powerful monarchs could use their wealth to fund expeditions.
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain, for example, funded the expeditions that led to Christopher Columbus’ discovery of America.
The age of discovery began with a Portuguese prince named Henry the Navigator, who set out to find a sea route from Asia to Africa.
His motivations were mixed, but he was curious about the world and interested in better ship design and navigational tools. In addition, he was a crusader, and he hoped to attack the Arab power in North Africa.
The Age of Discovery saw Europeans discovering new lands, often without the proper knowledge or equipment.
The first step was to establish relationships with the native population in order to gain their trust. Then, once they’d gained their trust, they began to exploit the natives for their gold and silver.
During Columbus’s first expedition, Columbus held a total of 1500 people captive on Hispaniola.
While European countries began to explore new lands, the age of discovery was particularly important in Portugal.
After the Portuguese discovered the Americas, their sailors continued to make important discoveries. Their voyages brought the world closer to the European continent.
Sintral in Lisbon #9
If you’re a history buff, you may want to visit Sintra’s historic Moorish Castle. This magnificent fortress rests high on the highest hill in Sintra, and is a fascinating site.
Situated in the Serra de Sintra forest, the castle was constructed in the early 9th century as a fortress to protect the town.
It was captured by Christian forces after the fall of Lisbon, but was restored by King Ferdinand II in the 19th century. Today, you can take in breathtaking views of Sintra from the top of the castle.
While there, don’t forget to check out Sintra’s beaches. This area is a perfect place to swim and surf – the waves here are very strong.
Fortunately, it’s possible to drive to the beach, and there’s a restaurant located just beside the car park. It’s also possible to take the train to Sintra’s other popular beaches, such as Praia da Adraga.
If you don’t want to hike through the mountains, you can also take a bus ride. The 434 bus stops near the Pena Palace, and you can get off at the same spot to take the bus back into town.
The route follows a large loop, so it’s important to stick to it or risk getting lost.
Another excellent option for sightseeing in Sintra is a guided tour. Guided tours are more fun than trying to find everything on your own.
It’s best to take a day trip to Sintra, and don’t be afraid to make a day of it. The town has so much to offer that it can easily be covered in a single day.
FAQs about Lisbon, Portugal
What is special about Lisbon Portugal?
Lisbon is most well-known for its colonialist history and rich architecture. Some of Lisbon’s best features can be found in the everyday: stunning views from the hills at Alfama and St. George’s Castle; pleasant year-round temperatures and friendly locals.
What is Lisbon also called?
The Latin geographer Pomponius Mela, who is a native of Hispania, wrote Lisbon’s name Ulysippo in Latin. Later, Pliny the Elder called it “Olisippo” and the Greeks called it Olissipona (Olissipona) or Olissipona (“Olissipona”) by his descendants.