With a total area of less then half a kilometer, the Vatican is the world’s smallest independent state. It is enclosed by the Vatican walls. The Vatican Palace and Gardens, St. Peter’s Basilica and St. Peter’s Square is a place ruled over by the Pope, the supreme head the Roman Catholic Church.
The Pantheon, the most well-preserved Roman monument, is remarkable for its 2000-year-old age. Despite the fact that Pope Gregory III removed the bronze roof tiles with gilded luster, Pope Urban VIII ordered the removal of the bronze roof and the melting down of the bronze roof to make the canopy for the altar at St. Peter’s.
It is almost like walking through ancient Rome’s heart, two millennia ago, as you walk through the forum. Even though the remains of this historic center of Roman government and life show only a fraction of its former splendor, the Forum’s standing and fallen columns, triumphal arches and the walls that remain still impress.
The Museo Nazionale Romano or the National Roman Museum are great places to get a sense of Rome’s culture, history, and heritage.
Piazza del Popolo, a large square in northern Rome, is an ancient Roman monument. It was once the beginning of the most important northerly road.The square is surrounded by three churches, but the main attraction is an obelisk dating back to ancient Egypt.
The Palatine Hill is strategically located 50 meters above Tiber. It shows Rome’s earliest settlements: rock-cuttings discovered in front of the Temple of Cybele indicate human activity back as far as the ninth century BC.
San Clemente is one of Rome’s oldest churches. It also has the most beautiful decorated apse in Rome, with mosaics of Old Testament scenes and New Testament scenes. This adds to its fascination