Tourist Attractions And Explore In Cologne, Germany
Located on the Rhine River, Cologne is a city that is both modern and rich in culture. This is a city that is very easy to explore by train. It has a number of museums and sights to see. If you are looking for a holiday, Cologne is a great place to visit. During the festive period, Cologne comes alive with Christmas lights. There are dozens of Christmas markets that you can visit.
Cologne Cathedral is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is home to the Shrine of the Three Kings. It is one of the most impressive buildings in Cologne. The building is known for its stained glass windows. The cathedral also has a crypt that contains the remains of kings and emperors. The cathedral has several stages where live music can be heard.
There is also the Flora and Botanical Gardens. These gardens are located in the north of Cologne and are home to over 10,000 different plants. You can also visit the Peter Ludwig Museum, which features modern art and works by Picasso. The museum also features a collection of Roman antiques.
The Inner City of Cologne is home to some of the city’s most historic buildings. The Inner City was originally defined by a four-mile-long defensive wall. This wall was built in the early 1200s. It surrounded several parishes and protected up to 40,000 people. The churches in the Inner City are especially notable for their Romanesque style. The churches underwent restoration and rebuilding in the late 20th century.
Cologne Cathedral #1
Located in Cologne, Germany, the Cologne Cathedral is a Gothic church that was built in the early sixteenth century. It is the oldest pilgrimage site in Northern Europe, and is now listed on UNESCO’s World Heritage list. It is also one of the most important tourist attractions in Germany.
The cathedral was built on a site that had been occupied by Christian churches since the 4th century. Construction began in the early sixteenth century, but was delayed for a couple centuries due to financial difficulties. However, the builders were inspired by a spirit of absolute fidelity to the original plans. They also made use of modern building methods.
The Cologne Cathedral features a 157-meter high tower. The cathedral also features a luminous glazed triforium. A spiral staircase leads to a viewing platform that overlooks the city. The cathedral also features a number of beautiful stained glass windows. The stained glass window in the central chapel of the ambulatory contains a Biblical-themed window.
The church also has the oldest surviving monumental crucifix north of the Alps. This crucifix was carved and painted in the 976 by Archbishop Gero. It was originally gilded. It is said that the Gero Cross is the first large-scale crucifix in Western art.
The church also has the Shrine of the Three Kings, which is believed to be the largest reliquary in the Western world. The three kings are arranged in the basilica shape and are coated with enamel, gold, and silver. The relics of the Magi are also held in the shrine.
Ludwig Museum #2
Located in Cologne, Germany, the Ludwig Museum is one of the largest and most important museums in the world for twentieth century art. The collection is constantly being updated, and includes contemporary works from around the world.
The collection was largely built up by private collectors. It also incorporates works from various museums and institutions around the world. The museum’s core collection includes modernism, including German and Russian Avant-garde art. It has the largest collection of works by Pablo Picasso in Europe.
The museum also houses the largest collection of American Pop Art outside the United States. It includes works by Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, and George Segal.
The museum also holds works by Jean Cocteau and Ezra Pound. In 1994, Irene and Peter Ludwig donated 90 works by Pablo Picasso to the museum. They also donated 350 works of modern art to the museum.
In 1986, a new museum building was constructed near Cologne Cathedral. The new building also houses the Wallraf-Richartz Museum. The museum also has a good bookshop with many English-language books. It is also easy to get to the museum by taxi or public transportation.
The Museum Ludwig is also home to the largest collection of American Pop Art outside of the United States. The museum hosts 10 temporary exhibitions a year. It also runs independent educational programs for children.
The Museum Ludwig also holds the largest collection of works by Russian Avant-garde artists. It includes works by Mikhail Larionov and Natalia Goncharova.
Romano-Germanic Museum #3
Located in Cologne, Germany, the Romano-Germanic Museum focuses on the archaeological heritage of the city. The museum draws from an impressive collection of artifacts dating from prehistoric times to the Middle Ages.
The museum houses Roman artifacts and displays the finds in a spacious exhibition space. The museum displays finds from various parts of the city, including the city wall, a Roman burial chamber in the Cologne district of Weiden and the Roman gully on Berrenrather Strasse.
The Romano-Germanic Museum also has a collection of fine Roman jewelry. These pieces were retrieved from burials of Romani and Franks who lived in Cologne during the early medieval period. There are also precious burial goods from graves from the 5th to 7th centuries, which provide evidence of the lives of the Romani and Franks in the early medieval period.
The museum’s exhibition space is 4,500 square meters. The museum houses several Roman and medieval archaeological relics, including the world-famous mosaic floor paintings of Dionysus. The mosaic was discovered by workers digging an air-raid shelter in 1941. It was originally housed in a villa on the site.
The Romano-Germanic Museum’s collection includes the largest collection of Roman glass in the world. The museum also displays a large collection of jewellery and pottery, demonstrating the rich history of the area.
The Wallraf-Richartz Museum #4
Located in Cologne, the Wallraf-Richartz Museum is one of the most important art museums in Germany. It houses one of the best medieval art collections in the world, and offers visitors a chance to see European art up close. The museum also features the works of some of the world’s leading painters.
The Wallraf-Richartz Collection is comprised of hundreds of paintings and prints from across Europe. The works range from the Middle Ages to the early 20th century. The museum also features a research library, which houses over 130,000 volumes. The museum also publishes the Wallraf Richartz-Jahrbuch, a discussion forum for Western Art History.
The museum is separated into three levels. The lower level is reserved for paintings from the medieval period. The second level features works from the Baroque period. The third level displays 19th century art. The museum also has an onsite shop and cafe.
The museum’s greatest attraction is Stefan Lochner’s “Madonna in the Rose Bower”, which is often referred to as the ‘Mona Lisa of Cologne’. The museum also has the ‘Adoration of the Child’ by Hieronymus Bosch. The museum also has the largest collection of Impressionist art in Germany.
The collection includes works by Pierre-August Renoir, Berthe Morisot, and Paul Cezanne. The museum also has one of the largest collections of Neo-Impressionism in Germany. The museum’s collection also features works from French Realists and Symbolists. The museum also features one of the best collections of German Gothic art in the world.
Cologne’s Old Town #5
Located in Cologne, Germany, Colognes Old Town is an area of narrow cobbled streets and vibrant squares. Several museums and art galleries are located in this section of the city.
Colognes Old Town is also home to the city’s traditional puppet theater. Since 1802 the Hnneschen-Theater has been entertaining adults and children. This theater features original music for performances.
Colognes Old Town is also the home of the House of 4711, a perfume and cosmetic company that has been making world-famous colognes since 1792. In addition to a shop that sells a wide variety of Eau de Cologne, the house also has a small museum.
The Eue de Cologne fragrance museum is the home of the oldest working perfume factory in the world. The museum offers guided tours of the former fragrance factory. The museum also features an impressive Picasso collection.
Cologne’s Botanical Garden is home to over 10,000 species of plants. The garden is free to enter. It’s also a great place to see a sunset.
The Cologne Cathedral is one of the largest and most famous landmarks in Germany. The cathedral features twin spires that are 157m (515ft) tall. There are several important events that have taken place at the cathedral.
Cologne’s Old Town is also home to a variety of Christmas markets. The Christmas market season begins the last Monday before Advent and lasts for seven days. This is one of the most festive events in Germany.
Groß St. Martin #6
During the XI e eew, schotten were displaced by monniken. The area was later surveyed in 1973 and 1979. The building is a Romanesque church. It was rebuilt in the late 1800s. It is located near Romeinse Keulen. The foundations date to 960 AD.
The church’s interior was decorated with medieval altars in the 16th century. Later, new furnishings were installed. The high altar is still decorated with Greco-Roman painting influences.
The cathedral has four apsis. A new apsis was designed by Hermann Gottfried. The apsis will be given to one of the three Patroonheiligen.
The basiliek was built on the ruins of the Romeinse gebouw. During the secularization of the Benedictine Abbey, the basiliek became a parochiekerk. It is currently open to the public.
There is a rijk versierd portaal that gives access to the middenschip. The lijst is ondersteunen by a halfronde bogen. The klokkentoren are covered with gotische spits. The spits are in the form of broken piramide.
The schip in the muur is hoog and slecht. The interior is more basic than the cathedral. The baldakijnvormige gewelf is ondersteund by hoge, stevige kolommenbundels. The kolommen form an archivolt. There are a few westelijke torens. The crossing tower was damaged during World War II.
The crypt contains Roman opgravings. There are laminated descriptions in four languages. The basiliek is still used by Monastic Fraternities of Jerusalem. There are signs in German on the excavation. The church is free to visit.
The Botanical Garden #7
Depending on the size and complexity, a botanical garden may have greenhouses, herbaria, laboratories, and a library. These facilities are used for scientific research, preservation, and conservation. They are also used to educate the public about plants.
Botanic gardens can be found in all parts of the world. In fact, they are becoming increasingly important cultural resources in industrialized nations. Botanic gardens are often affiliated with universities or colleges. They may also be governmental institutions or independent institutions.
These institutions may also have a teaching program or an associated research program. During the 18th and 19th centuries, the science of botany took shape. The study of plants evolved from a medical concern into a scientific endeavor. By the end of the 18th century, there were at least 1,600 botanical gardens in Europe.
Early botanical gardens were designed for the education and scientific study of plants. They also served as centres for raising food and herbs. They were often used to raise rare plants. By the 19th century, botanical gardens had begun to specialize in particular plant groups.
These collections were a rich source of information for professional scholars. In the early years of the twentieth century, a number of important botanists became directors of botanical gardens. One of these was Carolus Clusius, who directed two of the largest botanical gardens in Europe.
Today, a botanical garden is a specialized area that is used for education, conservation, and scientific research. The size of a botanical garden depends on its finances and professional staff. In addition to the scientific staff, the garden may have a superintendent who oversees the operation. The superintendent supervises the cleaning and heating of the garden, as well as routine services such as watering.
The Kolumba Museum #8
Originally founded in 1853, the Kolumba Art Museum of the Archdiocese of Cologne is a landmark of architecture. Located in the former church of St. Kolumba, the museum is now an important part of the Archdiocese of Cologne.
The museum was created by Swiss architect Peter Zumthor. He was hired by the Kolumba Art Society to design a building that would blend in with the ruins of the church. The architect conceived the building as a dialogue between old and new architecture.
The facade of the building is composed of grey bricks. These are made from hand-pressed clay in a wooden mould. The bricks are thinner than standard bricks. These give the building an organic feel.
The interior of the museum is a fusion of modern architecture with the ruins of the Gothic church. The interior of the museum has minimal details, yet remains a cohesive space. It is a Zen-like space that provides visitors with a sense of peace and serenity.
The Kolumba Art Museum focuses on early Christianity. The museum features a diverse collection of paintings, sculptures, drawings, textiles, and manuscripts. It also houses an archaeological excavation site.
The museum presents works in an independent order, and a selection is added to the collection every year. The museum also features a garden and library. The museum is located near the Heumarkt transit hub.
Guided tours are available. The museum is closed on Tuesdays. You may need to book in advance. The Kolumba museum also holds temporary exhibitions.
FAQs about Cologne, Germany
What makes Cologne Germany special?
The city has a long history, dating back to the first century AD when the Romans founded a settlement here. Cologne was an important trade city during the Middle Ages, and it was also one of the largest cities in the Holy Roman Empire. Today, Cologne is a vibrant, modern city with a lot to offer visitors
Why is it called Cologne Germany?
Cologne, Germany is named after the city of Cologne, in the Rhineland region of Germany. The city was founded by the Romans in the first century AD, and was originally called Colonia Agrippinensis. It was later renamed Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium, and then simply Cologne. The name Cologne is derived from the Latin word “colonia”, which means “colony” or “settlement”. The city’s name was changed to Köln in German in the early 20th century.
What is Cologne called in German?
Cologne is actually called Köln in German. This beautiful city is located on the Rhine River in western Germany. It is the fourth largest city in the country with a population of over one million people. Cologne is known for its stunning architecture, including the Cologne Cathedral, and its many museums and art galleries. It is also a popular tourist destination for its lively nightlife and vibrant culture.